Osseointegration of an orthopedic implant involves a cascade of cellular and extracellular biological events that take place at bone/implant interface. The process can be enhanced by coating implants with materials of various compositions, chemistry, topographies. The aim of this article was to review the literatures on development and application of numerous plasma-sprayed ceramic coatings (including hydroxyapatite, wollastonite, dicalcium silicate, titanium oxide, and zirconia coatings) for establishing and maintaining the osseointegration based on some major biological requirements, such as good cytocompatibility, advantageous cell response, superior tissue response, effective anti-infection activities.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.