Nanostructures are the building blocks of future nanodevices and thus methods for fabricating nanostructures of various materials in various forms are fundamentally important. Among those nanostructures ZnO has received much attention over the past few years due to the wide range of research by many different groups focused on different novel nanostructures with different properties. Although ZnO nanowires have been intensively studied, there are only a few methods that showed promising characteristics for practical applications. Without much effort, it can be grown in many different nanostructure forms, thus allowing various novel devices to be achieved. In this study, we intend to review those methods that enable nanostructure growth to be more controllable and feasible for applications. The methods for fabricating ZnO nanostructures are introduced in the first part. In the second part, the application of those nanostructures are mentioned and explained. Finally, the future realization of nanodevices is discussed.