• Achempong, S. and Stark, J.D. (2004) Effects of the agricultural adjuvant Sylgard 309 and the insecticide pymetrozine on demographic parameters of the aphid parasitoid, Diaeretiella rapae. Biological Control, 31, 133137.
  • Allemann, D.V., Robinson, S.W. and Fluckiger, C.R. (1995) Pymetrozine (CGA 215,944) a novel new control for sucking pests in cotton. Proceedings of first World Cotton Research Conference, Brisbane, Australia, 519521.
  • Bank, J.E. and Stark, J.D. (1998) What is ecotoxicology? An ad-hoc grap bag or an interdisciplinary science Integrative Biology, 5, 195204.
  • Bechmann, R.K. (1994) Use of life tables and LC50 tests to evaluate chronic and acute toxicity effects of copper on the marine copepod, Tisbe furcata (Baird). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 13, 15091517.
  • Birch, L.C. (1948) The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population. Journal of Animal Ecology, 17, 1526.
  • Carey, J.R. (1993) Applied Demography for Biologists with Special Emphasis on Insects. 206 pp. Oxford University Press, New York .
  • Cole, L.C. (1954) The population consequences of life history phenomena. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 29, 103137.
  • Day, R.W. and Quinn, G.P. (1989) Comparisons of treatments after an analysis of variance in ecology. Ecological Monographs, 59, 433463.
  • Elbert, A., Overbeck, H., Iwaya, K. and Tsuboi, S. (1990) Imidacloprid, a novel systemic nitro methylene analogue insecticide for crop protection. Proceedings of the Brighton Crop Protection Conference: Pests and Diseases, Brighton, UK, 2128.
  • Elbert, A., Becker, B., Hartwig, J. and Erdelen, C. (1991) Imidacloprid a new systemic insecticide. Pflanzenschutz-Nachrichten Bayer, 44, 113116.
  • Ellis, P.R., Pink, D.A.C., Phelps, K., Jukes, P.L., Breeds, S.E. and Pinnegar, A.E. (1998) Evaluation of a core collection of brassica accessions for resistance to Brevicoryne brassicae. Euphitica, 103, 149160.
  • Harrewijn, P. and Kayser, H. (1997) Pymetrozine, a fast-acting and selective inhibitor of aphid feeding. In-situ studies with electronic monitoring of feeding behaviour. Pesticide Science, 49, 130140.
  • James, D.G. and Vogele, B. (2001) The effect of imidacloprid on survival of some beneficial arthropods. Plant Protection Quarterly, 16, 5862.
  • Kammenga, J. and Laskowski, R. (2000) Demography in Ecotoxicology. 298 pp. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester , UK .
  • Kerns, D.L. and Stewart, S.D. (2000) Sublethal effect of pesticide on the intrinsic rate of increase of cotton aphid. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 94, 4149.
  • Kunkel, B.A., Held, D.W. and Potter, D.A. (1999) Impact of halofenozide, imidacloprid and bendiocarb on beneficial invertebrates and predatory activity in turf grass. Journal of Economic Entomology, 92, 922930.
  • Maia, A.H.N., Luiz, A.J.B. and Campanhola, C. (2000) Statistical inference on associated fertility life table parameters using Jackknife technique: Computational aspects. Journal of Economic Entomology, 93, 511518.
  • Meyer, J.S., Igersoll, C.G., MacDonald, L.L. and Boyce, M.S. (1986) Estimating uncertainty in population growth rate: Jack-knife vs. Bootstrap techniques. Ecology, 67, 11561166.
  • Moharramipour, S., Monfared, A. and Fathipour, Y. (2003) Comparison of intrinsic rate of increase and relative growth rate of cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae L.) on four rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) varieties in a growth chamber. Agricultural Sciences, 13, 7986.
  • Stark, J.D. and Wennergren, U. (1995) Can population effects of pesticides be predicted from demographic toxicological studies Journal of Economic Entomology, 88, 10891096.
  • Stark, J.D. and Bamfo, S. (2002) Population-level outcomes of differential susceptibility among life stages of the aphid parasitoid, Diaeretiella rapae to pesticide. 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, January 14-18, 2002. 314317.
  • Stark, J.D. and Bank, J.E. (2003) Population-level effects of pesticides and other toxicants on arthropods. Annual Review of Entomology, 48, 505519.
  • Walthall, W.K. and Stark, J.D. (1997) A comparison of acute mortality and population growth rate as endpoints of toxicological effects. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 37, 4552.