Discovery of a magnetic field in the O9 sub-giant star HD 57682 by the MiMeS Collaboration


  • Based on observations obtained at the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France and the University of Hawaii.



We report the detection of a strong, organized magnetic field in the O9IV star HD 57682, using spectropolarimetric observations obtained with ESPaDOnS at the 3.6-m Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope within the context of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) Large Programme. From the fitting of our spectra using non-local thermodynamic equilibrium model atmospheres, we determined that HD 57682 is a 17+19−9 M star with a radius of 7.0+2.4−1.8 R and a relatively low mass-loss rate of 1.4+3.1−0.95× 10−9 M yr−1. The photospheric absorption lines are narrow, and we use the Fourier transform technique to infer v sin i= 15 ± 3 km s−1. This v sin i implies a maximum rotational period of 31.5 d, a value qualitatively consistent with the observed variability of the optical absorption and emission lines, as well as the Stokes V profiles and longitudinal field. Using a Bayesian analysis of the velocity-resolved Stokes V profiles to infer the magnetic field characteristics, we tentatively derive a dipole field strength of 1680+134−356 G. The derived field strength and wind characteristics imply a wind that is strongly confined by the magnetic field.