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Dissipation efficiency of reconfinement shocks in relativistic jets

Authors

  • Krzysztof Nalewajko

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    1. JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, 440 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    2. Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Centre, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland
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E-mail: knalew@jila.colorado.edu

ABSTRACT

We calculate the dissipation efficiency of relativistic reconfinement shocks. Building on previous work, we consider different distributions of the external pressure. The average dissipation efficiency εdiss is a function of the product of two parameters – the jet Lorentz factor Γj and the reconfinement angle Θr, which is related to the opening angle Θj and the external pressure index η. The spatial distribution of the dissipation rate strongly depends on η. We discuss the significance of these results for the properties of relativistic jets in gamma-ray bursts and active galactic nuclei and propose that reconfinement shocks may explain a very high dissipation efficiency of the former and a moderate dissipation efficiency of the latter. Finally, we estimate the dissipation efficiency of the reconfinement shock associated with the quasi-stationary knot HST-1 in the jet of radio galaxy M87 and show that it is roughly consistent with the observational constraints.

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