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Keywords:

  • cosmic background radiation;
  • dark energy;
  • large scale structure of the Universe

ABSTRACT

We estimated the cross-power spectra of a galaxy sample from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) survey with the 7-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) temperature anisotropy maps. A conservatively selected galaxy sample covers ∼13 000 deg2 with a median redshift of z= 0.15. Cross-power spectra show correlations between the two data sets with no discernible dependence on the WMAPQ, V and W frequency bands. We interpret these results in terms of the integrated Sachs–Wolfe (ISW) effect: for the |b| > 20° sample at l= 6–87, we measure the amplitude (normalized to be 1 for vanilla Λ cold dark matter expectation) of the signal to be 3.4 ± 1.1, i.e. 3.1σ detection. We discuss other possibilities, but at face value the detection of the linear ISW effect in a flat universe is caused by large-scale decaying potentials, a sign of accelerated expansion driven by dark energy.