Discovery of Raman-scattered lines in the massive luminous emission-line star LHA 115-S 18
Article first published online: 18 OCT 2012
© 2012 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 RAS
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Volume 427, Issue 1, pages L80–L84, November 2012
How to Cite
Torres, A. F., Kraus, M., Cidale, L. S., Barbá, R., Borges Fernandes, M. and Brandi, E. (2012), Discovery of Raman-scattered lines in the massive luminous emission-line star LHA 115-S 18. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 427: L80–L84. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-3933.2012.01349.x
- Issue published online: 7 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 18 OCT 2012
- Accepted 2012 September 4. Received 2012 September 4; in original form 2012 June 2
- circumstellar matter;
- stars: individual: LHA 115-S 18;
- stars: massive;
- stars: peculiar;
LHA 115-S 18 is a very peculiar emission-line star exhibiting the B[e] phenomenon. Located in the Small Magellanic Cloud, its spectrum shows features of an extremely wide range of excitation and ionization stages, extending from highly ionized atomic lines (Si iv, C iv, He ii) in the ultraviolet and optical regions to molecular emission bands of CO and TiO in the optical and infrared regions. The most distinguishing spectral characteristic of LHA 115-S 18 is the high variability detected in the He iiλ4686 emission line, which can be a very conspicuous or completely invisible feature.
In this work, we report on another peculiarity of LHA 115-S 18. From high-resolution optical spectra taken between 2000 and 2008, we discovered the appearance and strengthening of two emission features at λλ6825 and 7082 Å , which we have identified as Raman-scattered lines. This is the first time that these lines have been detected in the spectrum of a massive luminous B[e] star. As the classification of LHA 115-S 18 is highly controversial, we discuss how the discovery of the appearance of Raman-scattered lines in this peculiar star might help us to solve this puzzle.