The project presented, or reported herein, was performed persuant to a grant from the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Department of Education (OERI/ED). However, the opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the OERIiED and no official endorsement by the OERI/ED should be inferred.
Comparing State and District Test Results to National Norms: The Validity of Claims That “Everyone Is Above Average”
Version of Record online: 25 OCT 2005
Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice
Volume 9, Issue 3, pages 5–14, September 1990
How to Cite
Linn, R. L., Graue, M. E. and Sanders, N. M. (1990), Comparing State and District Test Results to National Norms: The Validity of Claims That “Everyone Is Above Average”. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 9: 5–14. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-3992.1990.tb00372.x
- Issue online: 25 OCT 2005
- Version of Record online: 25 OCT 2005
Are all states and nearly all districts claiming that their students are above the national average? If so, are the test results “inflated and misleading?” What are the factors that contribute to the abundance of “above average” scores?