The composition of volatile components of the essential oils extracted from fruits of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) at four stages of maturity was studied by gas chromatography–flame ionization detector and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Essential oil yields showed marked increase during maturation process and 41 compounds were identified. Linalool was the main compound in all ripening stage amounting from 36.69 to 72.35%. Geranyl acetate (35.17%), β-caryophyllene (3.47%) and borneol (3.26%) were the main compounds at the first stage of maturity (immature fruits). At the second stage, geranyl acetate (8.21%), camphor (4.01%) and menthol (2.96%) were reported as the main constituents. In the third stage, geranyl acetate (20.66%), α-humulene (5.44%) and limonene (1.68%) were the main compounds. At the final stage of maturity (mature fruits), essential oil consist mainly on geranyl acetate (1.49%) and borneol (0.97%) in addition to linalool (72.35%). Additionally, accumulation of monoterpene alcohols was observed during maturation process of coriander fruit.