°BRIX/ACID RATIO AS A PREDICTOR OF CONSUMER ACCEPTABILITY OF CRIMSON SEEDLESS TABLE GRAPES
Article first published online: 25 NOV 2008
© 2008 The Author(s). Journal compilation © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Food Quality
Volume 31, Issue 6, pages 736–750, December 2008
How to Cite
JAYASENA, V. and CAMERON, I. (2008), °BRIX/ACID RATIO AS A PREDICTOR OF CONSUMER ACCEPTABILITY OF CRIMSON SEEDLESS TABLE GRAPES. Journal of Food Quality, 31: 736–750. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-4557.2008.00231.x
- Issue published online: 25 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 25 NOV 2008
- Received for Publication May 23, 2007Accepted for Publication December 31, 2007
Harvesting at correct time is essential for the supply of quality grapes. There is no standard method to determine the proper time of harvesting for table grapes. The applicability of objective measurements such as soluble solids concentration (°Brix), acid contents (titratable acidity) and °Brix/acid ratio of Crimson Seedless table grapes were evaluated as predictors of quality in terms of consumer acceptability. Crimson Seedless table grapes were harvested from two locations in Western Australia at weekly intervals for 5 weeks. The samples were density sorted to get berries of different maturity levels. Objective measurements and sensory evaluation (panel of 63 judges) were conducted. There were significant (P ≤ 0.05) differences in the degree of liking among grapes of 16.0–17.0, 17.1–18.0 and 19.1–20.0°Brix. Consumer liking of grapes substantially changed with a change in acidity. The data revealed correlation coefficients of determination (r2) of 0.58, 0.79 and 0.85 between overall consumer acceptability and °Brix, acidity, and °Brix/acid ratio, respectively. °Brix/acid ratio was found to be the best objective measurement that reflected the consumer acceptability and can be used as a reliable tool to determine the optimum harvesting stage of Crimson Seedless table grapes.
Crimson Seedless table grapes have been successfully grown in Australia since 1994, and they are gaining popularity with consumers day by day. However, means of determining proper time to harvest has not yet been established. This study, by examining the relationship between instrumental measurements and human perception of sensory characteristics of Crimson Seedless table grapes, will provide a simple but reliable instrumental method to predict the optimum harvest stage of Crimson Seedless table grapes. This will help in providing a quality product to the consumers while helping growers to get better return out of their produce.