GROWTH INHIBITION OF CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS VEGETATIVE CELLS AND SPORES USING CHICKEN IMMUNOGLOBULIN Y

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

Egg yolk antibody (IgY) was isolated by the water dilution method from the egg yolk of chickens immunized with Clostridium perfringens vegetative cells and spores. Specific binding activity of IgY against C. perfringens vegetative cells and spores remained relatively high during the immunization period (up to 9 weeks). The titer of specific IgY against C. perfringens spores was 1.4-fold less than that of specific IgY against C. perfringens vegetable cells. The specific IgY powder (10 µg/mL) was found to inhibit the growth of C. perfringens vegetative cells or C. perfringens spores in a liquid medium. The difference of C. perfringens vegetative cell growth between the treatment and control groups was 8.9 × 106 colony forming units (cfu)/mL at 8 h of incubation and 9.95 × 107 cfu/mL at 24 h of incubation. Significant cfu reductions in C. perfringens spores were also observed with specific IgY powder at 24 h of incubation.

PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS

IgY antibody exerts an antimicrobial activity against pathogens by binding, immobilizing and consequently reducing or inhibiting the growth, replication or colony forming ability of pathogenic bacteria; thus, it is proved to be a viable alternative for antibiotics and preservatives. In this study, IgY against Clostridium perfringens can be used to replace chemical preservatives in food industries. Because IgY functions well at low temperature, it can be used to inhibit the growth of Clostridia which germinate in refrigerated storage conditions, thus preventing foodborne enterotoxicity caused by such bacteria. In practical applications, natural antimicrobial IgY antibody can be applied to meat products for the improvement of food safety.

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