MODELING OF SWEET, BITTER AND IRRITANT SENSATIONS AND THEIR INTERACTIONS ELICITED BY MODEL ICE WINES

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ABSTRACT

Interactions between taste and irritant sensations elicited by model ice wine solutions were investigated, including the use of U and Γ′ models for predicting the perceived intensity of these sensory interactions. Fifteen solutions of varying ethanol and sugar concentrations representative of commercial ice wine values were evaluated in two trials by a trained sensory panel (n = 12) for perceived sweetness, bitterness and heat intensities. Sweetness perception of lower sugar-concentration level in ice wine model solution was affected by ethanol concentration. The sweetness intensities of the sugar and ethanol mixtures are higher than the sweetness intensities of sugar solutions. The Γ′ index indicates a slight synergy between ethanol and sugar on sweetness perception. The bitterness intensities elicited by ethanol–sugar mixtures are lower than those elicited by unmixed ethanol solutions. The Γ′ index indicates inhibition of ethanol and sugar perception on bitterness perception. Suppression of heat sensation was found in model base wine solutions across sugar and ethanol concentrations.

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