FAT REPLACERS IN LOW-FAT MEXICAN MANCHEGO CHEESE

Authors


To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jvc@xanum.uam.mx

Abstract

Low-fat Manchego cheeses (15 g fat/L milk) were prepared with three commercial fat replacers consisting of low methoxyl pectin (LMP), whey protein concentrate (WPC) and microparticulated whey protein (MWP). A low-fat cheese (15 g fat/L milk) without added fat replacer and a full-fat cheese (30 g fat/L milk) were prepared as controls. Cheeses were matured thirty days prior to instrumental texture profile analysis, microstructure analysis, and discriminative sensory evaluation. Scanning electron micrographs showed that the low-fat cheeses incorporating the LMP and WPC fat replacers lost the compact and dense protein matrix characteristic of the low-fat control cheese and exhibited hardness, springiness, cohesiveness and chewiness similar to the full-fat control cheese. No significant difference was found in the sensory characteristics between the full-fat control cheese and the cheese incorporating WPC.

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