• fullness;
  • ice wine;
  • model wine;
  • perceived density;
  • Perceived viscosity


The contribution of glycerol, ethanol and sugar to the perception of viscosity and density of model wine (MW) solutions was examined. In study 1, the effects of individual components on perceived viscosity (PV) and perceived density (PD) were studied using 5, 20 or 50 g/L glycerol; 3, 7 or 15% v/v ethanol and 0, 80, 150 or 250 g/L sugar concentrations. In study 2, model ice wine mixtures of 8, 10 or 12% ethanol and 150, 250 or 300 g/L sugar were assessed for PV and PD. The physical viscosity and density of the MWs were also measured in both studies. Across the range of concentrations investigated, sugar influences the perception of viscosity and density the most, ethanol has a moderate effect and the contribution of glycerol is nominal. In model ice wine solutions, PV and PD increased with sugar concentration, but were minimally affected by changes in ethanol concentration. The PV elicited by the model ice wine solutions was well described by a linear model using physical viscosity as the independent variable (r: 0.907). This information may be useful for predicting the sensory properties of the ice wine for quality control purposes.