Characterizing a Ground Water Basin in a New England Mountain and Valley Terrain
Article first published online: 23 DEC 2005
Volume 36, Issue 4, pages 611–620, July 1998
How to Cite
Tiedeman, C. R., Goode, D. J. and Hsieh, P. A. (1998), Characterizing a Ground Water Basin in a New England Mountain and Valley Terrain. Ground Water, 36: 611–620. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.1998.tb02835.x
- Issue published online: 23 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 23 DEC 2005
- Received May 1997, accepted October 1997.
A ground water basin is defined as the volume of subsurface through which ground water flows from the water table to a specified discharge location. Delineating the topographically defined surface water basin and extending it vertically downward does not always define the ground water basin. Instead, a ground water basin is more appropriately delineated by tracking ground water flowpaths with a calibrated, three-dimensional ground water flow model. To determine hydrologic and chemical budgets of the basin, it is also necessary to quantify flow through each hydrogeologic unit in the basin. In particular, partitioning ground water flow through unconsolidated deposits versus bedrock is of significant interest to hillslope hydrologic studies. To address these issues, a model is developed and calibrated to simulate ground water flow through glacial deposits and fractured crystalline bedrock in the vicinity of Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Tracking of ground water flowpaths suggests that Mirror Lake and its inlet streams drain a ground water recharge area that is about 1.5 times the area of the surface water basin. Calculation of the ground water budget suggests that, of the recharge that enters the Mirror Lake ground water basin, about 40% travels through the basin along flowpaths that stay exclusively in the glacial deposits, and about 60% travels along flowpaths that involve movement in bedrock.