Preliminary Observation of Complex Salt-Fresh Water Mixing in a Beach Aquifer
Article first published online: 11 MAY 2012
© 2012, The Author(s). Ground Water © 2012, National Ground Water Association
Volume 51, Issue 1, pages 145–150, January/February 2013
How to Cite
Thorn, P. and Urish, D. (2013), Preliminary Observation of Complex Salt-Fresh Water Mixing in a Beach Aquifer. Groundwater, 51: 145–150. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2012.00947.x
- Issue published online: 2 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 11 MAY 2012
- Received November 2011, accepted April 2012.
Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article:
Appendix S1. Sensor Testing and Hydrogeologic Setting.
Figure S1. Location of the monitoring well site at Wickford Harbor, Rhode Island. The black box marks the location of the monitoring well.
Figure S2. Diagram of the beach front with the monitoring well at Wickford Harbor, Rhode Island. Elevations are taken from mean lower low water. The lines show the maximum tidal range during the test, as well as the difference in the water level measured in the monitoring well. Note the screen is located in the lowest 10 cm of the well.
Figure S3. Photograph of the beach zone in Wickford Harbor, Rhode Island. The monitoring well used in the site is located just below the person, near the bulkhead on the beach front. The photo was taken at approximately low tide. Note the vegetation on the lower portion of the beach front, indicating a relatively stable, low energy environment.
Figure S4. Daily precipitation measured at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather station at Newport, Rhode Island. This is the nearest weather station with respect to the study site. Location of the weather station is shown in Figure S1. The solid line shows the depth to an unconfined aquifer at USGS monitoring well nr. 412932071374302, located in Richmond, Rhode Island, approximately 20 km to the west of the monitoring well.
Figure S5. Barometric pressure measured at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather station at Newport, Rhode Island. The location of the station is shown on Figure S1.
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