High Purge Volume Sampling—A New Paradigm for Subslab Soil Gas Monitoring
Article first published online: 22 FEB 2010
Copyright © 2010 The Author(s). Journal compilation © 2010 National Ground Water Association.
Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation
Volume 30, Issue 2, pages 73–85, Spring 2010
How to Cite
McAlary, T. A., Nicholson, P. J., Yik, L. K., Bertrand, D. M. and Thrupp, G. (2010), High Purge Volume Sampling—A New Paradigm for Subslab Soil Gas Monitoring. Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation, 30: 73–85. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6592.2010.01278.x
- Issue published online: 12 MAY 2010
- Article first published online: 22 FEB 2010
Subslab soil gas sampling and analysis is a common line of evidence for assessing human health risks associated with subsurface vapor intrusion to indoor air for volatile organic compounds; however, conventional subslab sampling methods have generated data that show substantial spatial and temporal variability, which often makes the interpretation difficult. A new method of monitoring has been developed and tested that is based on a concept of integrating samples over a large volume of soil gas extracted from beneath the floor slab of a building to provide a spatially averaged subslab concentration. Regular field screening is also conducted to assess the trend of concentration as a function of the volume removed to provide insight into the spatial distribution of vapors at progressive distances away from the point of extraction. This approach minimizes the risk of failing to identify the areas of elevated soil vapor concentrations that may exist between discrete sample locations, and can provide information covering large buildings with fewer holes drilled through the floor. The new method also involves monitoring the extraction flow rate and transient vacuum response for mathematical analysis to help interpret the vapor concentration data and to support an optimal design for any subslab venting system that may be needed.