Identification and Assessment of Confined and Perched LNAPL Conditions



Although confined and perched light nonaqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs) have previously been recognized, the majority of technical LNAPL literature focuses on unconfined LNAPL. Little information exists regarding the appropriate use of LNAPL distribution and transmissivity data to distinguish between confined, perched, and unconfined LNAPL hydrogeological scenarios. This paper describes three case histories that illustrate how the observed behavior of LNAPL can be used to identify the hydrogeologic condition of LNAPL at a given site and improved methods for calculating LNAPL drawdown based on these hydrogeologic conditions. The assessment methodology uses routinely available data such as fluid gauging, boring lo, laser-induced fluorescence, visual observations of soil cores, and LNAPL baildown testing. Identification of the correct LNAPL hydrogeologic condition results in more accurate LNAPL conceptual site models, improved estimates of LNAPL recovery rates and volumes, more appropriate technology applications, and improved accuracy of LNAPL remediation metrics such as LNAPL transmissivity.