• L-amino acid oxidase;
  • Naja atra;
  • platelet;
  • hydrogen peroxide

An L-amino acid oxidase (LAAO), NA-LAAO, was purified from the venom of Naja atra. Its N-terminal sequence shows great similarity with LAAOs from other snake venoms. NA-LAAO dose-dependently induced aggregation of washed human platelets. However, it had no activity on platelets in platelet-rich plasma. A low concentration of NA-LAAO greatly promoted the effect of hydrogen peroxide, whereas hydrogen per oxide itself had little activation effect on plate lets. NA-LAAO induced tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of platelet proteins including Src kinase, spleen tyrosine kinase, and phospholipase C γ2. Unlike convulxin, Fc receptor γ chain and T lymphocyte adapter protein are not phosphorylated in NA-LAAO-activated platelets, suggesting an activation mechanism different from the glycoprotein VI pathway. Catalase inhibited the platelet aggregation and platelet protein phosphorylation induced by NA-LAAO. NA-LAAO bound to fixed platelets as well as to platelet lysates of Western blots. Furthermore, affinity chromatography of platelet proteins on an NA-LAAO-Sepharose 4B column isolated a few platelet membrane proteins, suggesting that binding of NA-LAAO to the platelet membrane might play a role in its action on platelets.