Comparison of Quality-of-Hypertension-Care Indicators for Groups Treated by Physician Versus Groups Treated by Physician-Nurse Team

Authors


Abstract

Purpose

To determine whether the type of health care provider (i.e., physician versus physician-nurse team) affected the quality of hypertension care given to two groups of randomly selected adult women.

Data Sources

Three indicators measured the quality of hypertension care: blood pressure control level, knowledge of hypertension, and discussion about blood pressure medications with the health care provider(s). Blood pressure readings were taken with a 24-hr ambulatory blood pressure monitor, and demographic data from survey results taken at orientation and researchercollected data on posttreatment knowledge of hypertension and cognitive representations of hypertension were gathered. Chi-square and t tests were used to analyze the data.

Conclusions

The group whose care was managed by a physiciannurse team demonstrated lower means for 24-hr systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure (systolic: M = 132, SD = 14.9; diastolic: M = 75, SD = 11.3) than the group whose care was managed only by one or more physicians (systolic: M = 136, SD = 13.4; diastolic: M = 79, SD = 11.24). Also, the group whose care was managed by a physician-nurse team revealed significantly higher scores for discussion of blood pressure medication than the group whose care was managed only by one or more physicians. There were no group differences for knowledge of hypertension.

Implications for Practice

Nurses qualified to assist with meeting the needs of hypertension clients in primary care settings can positively affect clients’ knowledge about blood pressure medication and—perhaps as a result of this knowledge—how well the clients control their blood pressure.

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