Get access

Physical activity and physical fitness counseling patterns of adult nurse practitioners

Authors

  • Susan W. Buchholz PhD, ANP,

    (Assistant Professor, Coordinator of the Family Nurse Practitioner Program, and Adult Nurse Practitioner), Corresponding author
    1. School of Nursing, Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, Indiana
      Susan W. Buchholz, PhD, ANP, Purdue University Calumet, School of Nursing, 2200 169th Street X-10, Hammond, IN 46323.
      Tel: 219-989-2833; Fax: 219-989-2848;
      E-mail: buchholz@calumet.purdue.edu
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Janet Purath PhD, ARNP

    (Assistant Professor)
    1. Intercollegiate College of Nursing, Washington State University, Spokane, Washington
    Search for more papers by this author

Susan W. Buchholz, PhD, ANP, Purdue University Calumet, School of Nursing, 2200 169th Street X-10, Hammond, IN 46323.
Tel: 219-989-2833; Fax: 219-989-2848;
E-mail: buchholz@calumet.purdue.edu

Abstract

Purpose: This descriptive exploratory study examined factors related to physical activity counseling practices of adult nurse practitioners (ANPs) nationwide. The purposes of this study were to (a) examine physical activity assessment and counseling practices, (b) identify barriers to physical activity counseling, (c) describe knowledge and confidence in physical activity assessment and counseling, (d) identify personal physical activity practices, and (e) describe use of objective physical fitness measures in the primary care setting.

Data sources: Participants were a randomly selected group of ANPs who are members of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners.

Conclusions: Most ANPs (95%) counsel patients on physical activity at least once a year. As for assessing physical activity, simply asking about it was the most common method (94%). The most common strategy for counseling was discussion (95%). The most common barriers to counseling were lack of time (48%) and preemption by more important concerns (47%). Of fitness measures, the most commonly used was body composition. Cardiorespiratory, strength, flexibility, and balance fitness tests were used infrequently or rarely.

Implications for practice: NPs can use specific physical fitness measures to help assess, guide, and/or motivate physical activity in their patients.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary