Characteristics of nurse practitioner curricula in the United States related to antimicrobial prescribing and resistance
Article first published online: 24 AUG 2007
2007 American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
Volume 19, Issue 9, pages 477–485, September 2007
How to Cite
Sym, D., Brennan, C. W., Hart, A. M. and Larson, E. (2007), Characteristics of nurse practitioner curricula in the United States related to antimicrobial prescribing and resistance. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 19: 477–485. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7599.2007.00240.x
- Issue published online: 24 AUG 2007
- Article first published online: 24 AUG 2007
- Received: July 2006; accepted: October 2006
- Nurse practitioners;
- antimicrobial resistance;
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine current nurse practitioner (NP) curricula in the United States with regard to antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance and assess the need for a web-based module for instruction on antimicrobial resistance and appropriate prescribing of antibiotics.
Data sources: A 22-item, anonymous, self-administered, web-based survey was sent to 312 NP programs; 149 (48%) responded. Survey items included questions related to NP specialties offered, program accreditation, format of pharmacology course(s), lecture hours related to antimicrobial therapy, and whether the participant would use a Web-based module to teach NP students about antimicrobial resistance, if one were available.
Conclusions: Most NP programs (99.3%) required a pharmacology course, and 95% had lectures dedicated to antimicrobial therapy. Half of the programs (53.5%) devoted ≥4 lecture hours to antimicrobial therapy in the pharmacology course, and most (84.8%) reported covering antimicrobial therapy in nonpharmacology courses as well. Approximately half of the programs (45.3%) reported <4 h of lecture on antimicrobial therapy in nonpharmacology courses. Many programs (51.9%) did not offer a microbiology course; 39.2% required microbiology as a prerequisite. Most respondents (86.7%) were familiar with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention antimicrobial resistance program, and 92.6% reported that they would use an electronic module regarding resistance.
Implications for practice: NP curricula generally include <10 h of content on antimicrobial therapy. An electronic module regarding antimicrobial resistance is likely to be a useful and relevant adjunct to current curricula.