Measuring mobbing experiences of academic nurses: Development of a mobbing scale


Havva Ozturk, RN, PhD, Trabzon School of Health Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey.
Tel: 90-462-2300476; Fax: 90-462-2300475;


Purpose: The aims of this study were to develop a mobbing scale for academic nurses and to determine their mobbing experiences.

Data sources: Data were collected between January and June 2006 with a 60-item mobbing scale and a questionnaire composed of 6 questions concerning demographics and 10 questions regarding nurses’ opinions about mobbing.

Conclusions: For the Mobbing Scale for Academic Nurses, the content validity index was 88%, item-to-total correlations ranged from .41 to .73, Cronbach αwas .97, and Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin measure of sampling adequacy was .72. Barlett’s test yielded quite significant results (χ2= 7905.47, p = .000). The scale was composed of eight subscales. One fifth of the academic nurses experienced mobbing, and there was evidence of mobbing at university nursing schools.

Implications for practice: The mobbing scale for academic nurses can be used to collect reliable and accurate data about mobbing experienced by academic nurses. If there is mobbing in nursing faculties and schools, appropriate precautions should be taken to protect people against mobbing, and a safe and comfortable atmosphere must be created in nursing faculties and schools.