• American Diabetes Association. (2010). Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes. Diabetes Care , 33(1), S11S61.
  • American Diabetes Association. (2012). Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes. Diabetes Care , 35 (1), S11S63.
  • Arabi, Y. M., Tamim, H. M. & Rishu, A. H. (2009). Hypoglycemia with intensive insulin therapy in critically ill patients: Predisposing factors and association with mortality. Critical Care Medicine , 37(9), 25362544.
  • Bode, B. W., Braithwaite, S. S., Steed, R. D., & Davidson, P. C. (2004). Intravenous insulin infusion therapy: Indications, methods, and transition to subcutaneous insulin therapy. Endocrine Practice , 10(2), 7180.
  • Braithwaite, S. S. (2009). Hyperglycemia in the hospital setting. In G. Guthrie, A. Ogden, & V. Van Beuren (Eds.), Therapy for diabetes mellitus and related disorders (pp. 301321). Alexandra: American Diabetes Association.
  • Breithaupt, T. (2010). Postoperative glycemic control in cardiac surgery patients. Proceedings from Baylor University Medical Center , 23(1), 7982.
  • Crockett, S. E. (2009). Glucose control in the critically ill patient utilizing computerized intravenous insulin dosing. US Endocrinology , 5(1), 4548.
  • Finfer, S., Chittock, D. R., Su, S. Y., Blair, D., Foster, D., Dhingra, V.Ronco, J. J. (2009). Intensive versus conventional glucose control in critically ill patients. New England Journal of Medicine , 360(13), 12831297.
  • Frisch, A., Chandra, P., Smiley, D., Peng, L., Rizzo, M., Gatcliffe, C., … Umpierrez, G. E. (2010). Prevalence and clinical outcome of hyperglycemia in the perioperative in non-cardiac surgery. Diabetes Care , 33(8), 17831788.
  • Furnary, A. P., Wu, Y., & Bookin, S. O. (2004). Effect of hyperglycemia and continuous intravenous insulin infusions on outcomes of cardiac surgical procedures: The Portland Diabetic Project. Endocrine Practice , 10(Suppl. 2), 2133.
  • Furnary, A. P., Zerr, K. J., Grunkemeier, G. L., & Starr, A. (1999). Continuous intravenous insulin infusion reduces the incidence of deep sternal wound infection in diabetic patients after cardiac surgical procedures. Annals of Thoracic Surgery , 67(2), 352360.
  • Giakoumidakis, K., Nenekidis, I., & Brokalaki, H. (2012). The correlation between peri-operative hyperglycemia and mortality in cardiac surgery patients: A systematic review. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing , 11(1), 105113.
  • Levetan, C. S., Passaro M., Jablonski, K., Kass, M., & Ratner, R. E. (1998).Unrecognized diabetes among hospitalized patients. Diabetes Care , 21(2), 246249.
  • Marchant, M. H., Viens, N. A., Cook, C., Vail, T. P., & Bolognesi, M. P. N (2009). The impact of glycemic control and diabetes mellitus on perioperative outcomes after total joint arthroplasty. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery , 91, 16211629.
  • Menzin, J., Korn, J. R., Cohen, J., Lobo, F., Zhang, B., Friedman, M., & Neuman, P. J. (2010). Relationship between glycemic control and diabetes-related hospital costs in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy , 16(4), 264275.
  • Moghissi, E. S., Korytkowski, M. T., DiNardo, M., Einhorn, D., Hellman, R., Hirsch, I. B., & Umpierrez, G. E. (2009). American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American Diabetes Association consensus statement on inpatient glycemic control. Endocrine Practice , 15(4), 117.
  • Mesotten, D., & Van den Berghe, G. (2009). Clinical benefits of tight glycaemic control: Focus on the intensive care unit. Best Practices Research and Clinical Anaesthesiology , 23(4), 421429.
  • Newton, C., & Young, S. (2006). Financial implications of glycemic control: Results of an inpatient diabetes management program. Endocrine Practice , 12(Suppl. 3), 4348.
  • Patel, K. L., & Doughty, D. (2008). Impact of tight glucose control on postoperative infection rates and wound healing in cardiac surgery patients. Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing , 35(4), 397404.
  • Preiser, J. C., Devos, P., Ruiz-Santana, S., Melot, C., Annane, D., Groeneveld, J., … Chioléro, R. (2009). A prospective randomized multi-centre controlled trial on tight glucose control by intensive therapy in adult intensive care units: The Glucontrol Study. Intensive Care Medicine , 35(10), 17381748.
  • Reider, J., Donihl, A., & Korytkowski, M. T. (2009). Practical implications of the revised guidelines for inpatient glycemic control. Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrzne , 119(12), 801809.
  • Umpierrez, G. E., Isaacs, S. D., Bazargan, N., You, X., Thaler, L. M., & Kitabchi, A. E. (2002). Hyperglycemia: An independent marker of in-hospital mortality in patients with undiagnosed diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , 87, 978982.
  • Umpierrez, G. E., Palacio, A., Smiley, D., Ceron, M., Zisman, A., Puig, A., … Mejia, R. (2007). Randomized study of basal-bolus insulin therapy in the inpatient management of patients with type 2 diabetes (RABBIT 2 Trial). Diabetes Care , 30(9), 21812186.
  • Van den Berghe, G., Wilmer, A., Hermans, G., Meersseman, W., Wouters, P. J., Milants, I., … Bouillon, R. (2006). Intensive insulin therapy in the medical ICU. New England Journal of Medicine , 354(5), 449461.
  • Van den Berghe, G., Wouters, P., Weekers, F., Verwaest, C., Bruyninckx, F., Schetz, M., Vlasselaers, D., … Bouillon, R. (2001). Intensive insulin therapy in the critically ill patients. New England Journal of Medicine , 345(19), 13591367.
  • Walsh, J., & Roberts, R. (2006). Pumping insulin (4th ed.). San Diego : Torrey Pines Press.
  • Zander, R., Boldt, J., Engelmann, L., Mertzluff, F., Sirtl, C., & Stuttmann, R. (2007). The design of the VISEP trial: Critical appraisal. Anaesthesist , 56(1), 717.