An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 1985 annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology.
RACE AND GENDER EFFECTS ON FEAR OF CRIME: AN INTERACTIVE MODEL WITH AGE*
Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2006
Volume 25, Issue 1, pages 133–152, February 1987
How to Cite
ORTEGA, S. T. and MYLES, J. L. (1987), RACE AND GENDER EFFECTS ON FEAR OF CRIME: AN INTERACTIVE MODEL WITH AGE. Criminology, 25: 133–152. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1987.tb00792.x
Suzanne Ortega is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Her research interests include investigations of age and gender variation in criminality, fear of crime, and mental health, the effects of social integration on psychological well-being, and age differences in the effects of physical disability.
Jessie L. Myles is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. His research interests are in the areas of race differences in beliefs about crime, race and gender differences in death anxiety, and the black ministry.
- Issue online: 7 MAR 2006
- Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2006
While the literature on fear of crime is not wholly consistent, results generally indicate that blacks, women, and the elderly are the groups most fearful. In those instances where race, gender, and age have been simultaneously taken into account, studies have generally assumed that the relationships are additive. However, the gerontological literature suggests that age ofen interacts with other status characteristics in producing quality of life differences. Multiple regression techniques are used on survey data from eight Chicago neighborhoods to assess whether or not the effects of age, race, and gender on fear of crime are interactive. Findings indicate that significant interactions are present, and the relevance of these findings are discussed in terms of actual and perceived risks of victimization and of subcultural interpretations of crime and fear of crime.