E. Britt Patterson is an Assistant Professor, Criminal Justice Program, in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida State University. His current research interests include race and criminal justice processing and the ecological distribution of crime.
POVERTY, INCOME INEQUALITY, AND COMMUNITY CRIME RATES
Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2006
Volume 29, Issue 4, pages 755–776, November 1991
How to Cite
PATTERSON, E. B. (1991), POVERTY, INCOME INEQUALITY, AND COMMUNITY CRIME RATES. Criminology, 29: 755–776. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1991.tb01087.x
- Issue online: 7 MAR 2006
- Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2006
This paper examines the relationship between crime rates and aggregate economic conditions for 57 small social areas. The principal analyses address a continuing controversy—are community crime rates associated with absolute poverty, relative poverty (i.e., income inequality), or both. Using victimization data from 57 small residential neighborhoods, the analyses examine the association between absolute and relative poverty and rates of violent crime and burglary. The findings indicate that absolute poverty is more strongly associated with neighborhood crime rates, although the relationship is conditional on the type of crime considered. The implications of the findings are discussed within a perspective of community social control.