The authors wish to thank three anonymous reviewers for helpful comments.
DO DISADVANTAGED NEIGHBORHOODS CAUSE WELL-ADJUSTED CHILDREN TO BECOME ADOLESCENT DELINQUENTS? A STUDY OF MALE JUVENILE SERIOUS OFFENDING, INDIVIDUAL RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS, AND NEIGHBORHOOD CONTEXT*
Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
Volume 38, Issue 4, pages 1109–1142, November 2000
How to Cite
WIKSTRÖM, P.-O. H. and LOEBER, R. (2000), DO DISADVANTAGED NEIGHBORHOODS CAUSE WELL-ADJUSTED CHILDREN TO BECOME ADOLESCENT DELINQUENTS? A STUDY OF MALE JUVENILE SERIOUS OFFENDING, INDIVIDUAL RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS, AND NEIGHBORHOOD CONTEXT. Criminology, 38: 1109–1142. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2000.tb01416.x
Per-Olof H. Wikström is University Reader at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom. His main research interests are integrative criminology, cross-national comparative research, urban crime, violent crime, juvenile offending, and crime prevention.
Rolf Loeber is Professor of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Epidemiology at the Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh and Professor of Developmental Psychopathology, Free University, the Netherlands. His main research interests are juvenile antisocial behavior and delinquency, substance abuse, and mental health problems.
- Issue published online: 7 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
This paper presents a study of the relationship between type of neighborhood socioeconomic context, individual characteristics (individuals are classified by a set of selected key measures of individual dispositions and social situation) and serious male juvenile offending (prevalence and early and late onsets) in the city of Pittsburgh. The analytical strategy may best be described as holistic and epidemiological. The key research question is whether onset and prevalence of juvenile serious offending is invariant by neighborhood socioeconomic context when controlling for individual sets of risk and protective characteristics. The results do not support the notion that neighborhood socioeconomic context has any greater direct impact on the early onset of serious offending. However, neighborhood socioeconomic context appears to have a direct impact on the late onset of offending for those juveniles who score high on protective factors, or who have a balanced mix of risk and protective factors. No support was found for the notion that individual risk characteristics and neighborhood risk are additive. Children and adolescents with high scores on risk characteristics offend in serious crime at a similar high rate regardless of the socioeconomic context of their neighborhood.