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    This research was supported by the University of Kentucky Research Challenge Trust Fund and NIMH grant MH60104. We would also like to thank Drs. Monica Kern and John Georgesen for their helpful advice and comments in regards to meta-analytic techniques.

  • Joshua Miller is a Ph.D. candidate in Psychology at the University of Kentucky. His research interests include personality and its relation to deviant behaviors such as antisocial behavior, risky sex, and substance use. In addition, he has published on the role of personality in understanding psychopathy. He is currently preparing a dissertation that examines the proximal mechanisms by which personality influences deviant behavior. He has published in the Journal of Personality and the Journal of Substance Use. Direct correspondence to Joshua Miller, Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506–0044 (e-mail:

  • Donald Lynam is Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Kentucky. His research interests include developmental models of antisocial behavior, the role of individual differences in crime causation, early identification of chronic offenders, and psychopathy. His most recent work has focused on identifying the constituent elements of psychopathy and examining how the relations between individual differences and offending may be conditional on context. He has published in Criminology, as well as the Journal of Abnormal Psychology and the Journal of Personality.


The authors argue that the concept of personality has much to offer the field of criminology. To this end, they used meta-analytic techniques to examine the relations between antisocial behavior defined relatively broadly and four structural models of personality: Eysenck's PEN model, Tellegen's three-factor model, Costa and McCrae's five-factor model (FFM), and Cloninger's seven-factor temperament and character model. A comprehensive review of the literature yielded 59 studies that provided relevant information. Eight of the dimensions bore moderate relations to antisocial behavior; the dimensions could all be understood as measures of either Agreeableness or Conscientiousness from the FFM. The implications of these findings for future research are considered.