We thank Colin Odden for downloading the data and guidance in data analysis. Christie Batson for noting that it is common for scholars to use data from citizens in their analyses of crime, criminals, and criminal justice, and three anonymous reviewers and the Editor for very helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper.
DRIVING WHILE BLACK: EFFECTS OF RACE, ETHNICITY, AND GENDER ON CITIZEN SELF-REPORTS OF TRAFFIC STOPS AND POLICE ACTIONS*
Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2006
Volume 41, Issue 1, pages 195–220, February 2003
How to Cite
LUNDMAN, R. J. and KAUFMAN, R. L. (2003), DRIVING WHILE BLACK: EFFECTS OF RACE, ETHNICITY, AND GENDER ON CITIZEN SELF-REPORTS OF TRAFFIC STOPS AND POLICE ACTIONS. Criminology, 41: 195–220. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2003.tb00986.x
Richard J. Lundman is Professor of Sociology and a Faculty Affiliate of the Criminal Justice Research Center at The Ohio State University. His teaching and research interests include police and policing, juvenile delinquency, and white collar and organizational deviance. He is currently examining traffic stops for Driving While Black at the start of the 1970s.
Robert L. Kaufman is Professor and Chair of Sociology and a Faculty Associate of the Population Research Initiative at The Ohio State University. His monograph in
- Issue online: 7 MAR 2006
- Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2006
- Driving While Black;
- traffic stops by the police
Are African-American men, compared with white men, more likely to report being stopped by police for traffic law violations? Are African-American men and Hispanic drivers less likely to report that police had a legitimate reason for the stop and less likely to report that police acted properly? This study answers these questions using citizen self-reports of their traffic stop encounters with the police. Net of other important explanatory variables, the data indicate that police make traffic stops for Driving While Black and male. In addition, African-American and Hispanic drivers are less likely to report that police had a legitimate reason for the stop and are less likely to report that police acted properly. The study also discusses the validity of citizen self-report data and outlines an agenda for future research.