Direct correspondence to: María B. Vélez. Department of Sociology, University of Iowa, Iowa City. IA 52242 (firstname.lastname@example.org). We would like to thank Yolonda Brown. John Reynolds, and Helen D. Rizzo for their research assistance, and Barbara House for computer programming. This research was supported by a subgrant to Ruth D. Peterson and Lauren J. Krivo from the National Science Foundation's National Consortium on Violence Research (SBR-9513040). This paper was presented at the 2001 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Washington D.C.
STRUCTURAL INEQUALITY AND HOMICIDE: AN ASSESSMENT OF THE BLACK-WHITE GAP IN KILLINGS*
Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2006
Volume 41, Issue 3, pages 645–672, August 2003
How to Cite
VÉLEZ, M. B., KRIVO, L. J. and PETERSON, R. D. (2003), STRUCTURAL INEQUALITY AND HOMICIDE: AN ASSESSMENT OF THE BLACK-WHITE GAP IN KILLINGS. Criminology, 41: 645–672. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2003.tb01000.x
María B. Vélez is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Iowa. Her major research interests include the interrelationships among crime, disadvantage and race/ethnicity; linking neighborhood crime and victimization to city political processes such as the distribution of city resources (e.g., residential loans); and multi-level models of crime and victimization.
Lauren J. Krivo is a Professor of Sociology at Ohio State University. Her current research investigates black-white differences in urban crime, neighborhood patterns of crime and disadvantage, community perceptions of crime and safety, and race/ethnic differences in housing wealth. With Ruth Peterson, she is undertaking a national study of urban neighborhood crime patterns.
Ruth D. Peterson is a Professor of Sociology and the Director of the Criminal Justice Research Center at Ohio State University. Her major research interests include social disadvantage and racial and ethnic differences in crime, neighborhood crime patterns, perceptions of victimization and offending, legal decision making and sentencing, and crime and deterrence.
- Issue online: 7 MAR 2006
- Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2006
- conflict management
This paper examines the relationship between race and violent crime by directly modeling the racial gap in homicide offending for large central cities for 1990. We evaluate the role of black-white differences in aspects of both disadvantage and resources in explaining which places have wider racial disparities in lethal violence. The results show that where residential segregation is higher, and where whites' levels of homeownership, median income, college graduation, and professional workers exceed those for blacks to a greater degree, African Americans have much higher levels of homicide offending than whites. Based on these results, we conclude that the racial homicide gap is better explained by the greater resources that exist among whites than by the higher levels of disadvantage among blacks.