This research was supported by Grant No. 2002-WG-BX-0001, awarded to the first author by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Points of view in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. The authors would like to thank the editor and anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions.
CHANGES IN POLICE NOTIFICATION FOR RAPE, 1973–2000*
Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
Volume 41, Issue 3, pages 841–870, August 2003
How to Cite
BAUMER, E. P., FELSON, R. B. and MESSNER, S. F. (2003), CHANGES IN POLICE NOTIFICATION FOR RAPE, 1973–2000. Criminology, 41: 841–870. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2003.tb01006.x
Eric Baumer is Associate Professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. His research is concerned primarily with how social structural and cultural features of communities affect individual behavior.
Richard B. Felson is Professor of Crime, Law, and Justice Studies at The Pennsylvania State University. Most of his research is concerned with situational factors in interpersonal violence.
Steven F. Messner is Distinguished Teaching Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University at Albany and is a member of the National Consortium on Violence Research (NCOVR). His research has focused on the relationship between social organization and crime, with a particular emphasis on criminal homicide.
- Issue published online: 7 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
- police notification;
- victim-offender relationship
We use data from the National Crime Survey (NCS) and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) to explore changes in the likelihood of police notification in rape incidents. The findings indicate that during the 1970s and 1980s there was a significant increase in police notification by third parties and by victims raped by non-strangers. During the 1990s the increase in rates of police notification in rape incidents accelerated and broadened in scope. In addition, differences in police notification between stranger and non-stranger incidents diminished during the 1970s and 1980s and, by the early 1990s there was no significant difference.