Department of Sociology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403 (email@example.com). This research was supported by a grant from the American Statistical Association/Bureau of Justice Statistics Statistical Methodological Research Program and the Law and Society Program of the National Science Foundation. Core support was provided by the Center for Family and Demographic Research at Bowling Green State University and the Population Research Institute at the Pennsylvania State University. I thank Roy Austin, Susan Brown, Peggy Giordano, Mark Handcock, Joe Jacoby, John Kramer, and Darrell Steffensmeier for thoughtful comments on previous versions of this paper.
RACIAL AND ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN PRETRIAL RELEASE DECISIONS AND OUTCOMES: A COMPARISON OF HISPANIC, BLACK, AND WHITE FELONY ARRESTEES*
Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2006
Volume 41, Issue 3, pages 873–908, August 2003
How to Cite
DEMUTH, S. (2003), RACIAL AND ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN PRETRIAL RELEASE DECISIONS AND OUTCOMES: A COMPARISON OF HISPANIC, BLACK, AND WHITE FELONY ARRESTEES. Criminology, 41: 873–908. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2003.tb01007.x
Stephen Demuth is Assistant Professor of Sociology and Research Associate at the Center for Family and Demographic Research at Bowling Green State Univesity. His primary research interests include the effects of race, ethnicity, citizenship, and gender on crime, delinquency, and criminal justice decision making. He is coauthor (with Susan L. Brown) of Family structure, family processes, and adolescent delinquency: The significance of parental absence versus parental gender (Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Forthcoming) and is conducting research (with Peggy C. Giordano) on the delinquency of Hispanic adolescents.
- Issue online: 7 MAR 2006
- Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2006
- Guideline departures;
- courtroom discretion;
- sentencing disparity;
- modes of conviction
The present study uses data on the processing of felony defendants in large urban courts to examine Hispanic, black, and white differences at the pretrial release stage. The major finding is that Hispanic defendants are more likely to be detained than white and black defendants. And, racial/ethnic differences are most pronounced in drug cases. In fact, Hispanic defendants suffer a triple burden at the pretrial release stage as they are the group most likely to be required to pay bail to gain release, the group that receives the highest bail amounts, and the group least able to pay bail. These findings are consistent with a focal concerns perspective of criminal case processing that suggests Hispanics as a newly immigrated group are especially prone to harsher treatment in the criminal case process.