This is paper is based on presentations to the Committee on Urban Initiatives at the 2001 American Psychological Association Convention (San Francisco: August 2001) and the 2002 Society of Personality and Social Psychology (Savannah, Georgia: February, 2002). The data in study 1 was collected with support from the National Science Foundation and the Public Policy Institute of California. The data in study 2 was provided by the ICPSR. The collection of the data in the fourth study was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Justice (2001IJCX0029). Address correspondence to: Tom Tyler, Department of Psychology, New York University, 6 Washington Place, Room 579, New York, New York 10003. firstname.lastname@example.org.
PROFILING AND POLICE LEGITIMACY: PROCEDURAL JUSTICE, ATTRIBUTIONS OF MOTIVE, AND ACCEPTANCE OF POLICE AUTHORITY*
Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
Volume 42, Issue 2, pages 253–282, May 2004
How to Cite
TYLER, T. R. and WAKSLAK, C. J. (2004), PROFILING AND POLICE LEGITIMACY: PROCEDURAL JUSTICE, ATTRIBUTIONS OF MOTIVE, AND ACCEPTANCE OF POLICE AUTHORITY. Criminology, 42: 253–282. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2004.tb00520.x
- Issue published online: 7 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
- racial profiling;
- procedural justice;
- bias-based policing;
- trust and confidence
This paper reports the results of four studies that investigate racial profiling as an attribution about police motives. Each study explores, first, the types of police behavior that heighten or lessen the occurrence of profiling attributions and, second, the consequences of such attributions. Results support prior studies in finding that judgments about whether the police are profiling are associated with the level of public support for the police. The studies then extend the analysis of subjective profiling judgments by examining their antecedents. The findings support the procedural justice hypothesis that the fairness with which the police exercise their authority influences whether members of the public view the police as profiling.