The authors are especially grateful to Finn Esbensen for access to these data and for his longstanding support for their work. Thanks also to Rich Felson, Phil Schwadel, Jennifer Schwartz, Brian Goesling and Eric Silver for helpful comments on earlier drafts. This research was supported in part by award 94-IJ-CX-0058 from the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Points of view in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the U.S. Department of Justice.
UNSTRUCTURED SOCIALIZING AND RATES OF DELINQUENCY
Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
Volume 42, Issue 3, pages 519–550, August 2004
How to Cite
OSGOOD, D. W. and ANDERSON, A. L. (2004), UNSTRUCTURED SOCIALIZING AND RATES OF DELINQUENCY. Criminology, 42: 519–550. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2004.tb00528.x
- Issue published online: 7 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
- context effects;
- routine activities;
- time use;
- communities and crime;
- social disorganization
This article applies an individual-level routine activities perspective to explaining rates of delinquency. The theoretical analysis also links the opportunity processes of that perspective to key themes of social disorganization theory. Multilevel analyses of 4, 358 eighth-grade students from thirty-six schools in ten cities support the central hypothesis: Time spent in unstructured socializing with peers has both individual and contextual effects that explain a large share of the variation in rates of delinquency across groups of adolescents who attend different schools. In addition, parental monitoring has a very strong contextual effect on unstructured socializing, which supports the proposed integration of routine activity and social disorganization perspectives.