This is a revised version of a paper presented at the 2010 annual meeting of the Western Society of Criminology. The authors would like to thank Donna Coffman, Adam Watkins, Dana Peterson, Terrance J. Taylor, Denise C. Gottfredson, and the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on previous drafts of this article. Any errors or omissions that remain are the sole responsibility of the authors. This research was funded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, Award No. 2003-JN-FX-0003. The points of view in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the U.S. Department of Justice. Direct correspondence to Chris Melde, School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University, 560 Baker Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
GANG MEMBERSHIP AS A TURNING POINT IN THE LIFE COURSE*
Article first published online: 25 MAY 2011
© 2011 American Society of Criminology
Volume 49, Issue 2, pages 513–552, May 2011
How to Cite
MELDE, C. and ESBENSEN, F.-A. (2011), GANG MEMBERSHIP AS A TURNING POINT IN THE LIFE COURSE. Criminology, 49: 513–552. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2011.00227.x
- Issue published online: 25 MAY 2011
- Article first published online: 25 MAY 2011
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