Additional supporting information can be found in the listing for this article in the Wiley Online Library at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/crim.2012.50.issue-4/issuetoc.
ADOLESCENT VIOLENT VICTIMIZATION AND PRECOCIOUS UNION FORMATION†
Article first published online: 12 SEP 2012
© 2012 American Society of Criminology
Volume 50, Issue 4, pages 1089–1127, November 2012
How to Cite
KUHL, D. C., WARNER, D. F. and WILCZAK, A. (2012), ADOLESCENT VIOLENT VICTIMIZATION AND PRECOCIOUS UNION FORMATION. Criminology, 50: 1089–1127. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2012.00288.x
This research was supported in part by the Center for Family and Demographic Research, Bowling Green State University, which has core funding from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Grant R24HD050959–07). D. F. Warner also received support from the National Center for Family & Marriage Research, which is funded by a cooperative agreement (Grant 5 U01 AE000001–05) between the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Bowling Green State University. The opinions and conclusions expressed herein are solely those of the author(s) and should not be construed as representing the opinions or policy of any agency of the federal government. An earlier version of this article was presented as part of the Speaker Series at Center for Families and Demographic Research, Bowling Green State University (January 18, 2012). We appreciate the comments of the anonymous reviewers and the Co-Editor, whose suggestions strengthened the article. We thank Al DeMaris and Wendy Manning for methodological advice early on, as well as Peggy Giordano, Kara Joyner, and Tara D. Warner for comments on previous drafts.
- Issue published online: 30 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 12 SEP 2012
- violent victimization;
- life course;
This article bridges scholarship in criminology and family sociology by extending arguments about “precocious exits” from adolescence to consider early union formation as a salient outcome of violent victimization for youths. Research indicates that early union formation is associated with several negative outcomes; yet the absence of attention to union formation as a consequence of violent victimization is noteworthy. We address this gap by drawing on life course theory and data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) to examine the effect of violent victimization (“street” violence) on the timing of first coresidential union formation—differentiating between marriage and cohabitation—in young adulthood. Estimates from Cox proportional hazard models show that adolescent victims of street violence experience higher rates of first union formation, especially marriage, early in the transition to adulthood; however, this effect declines with age, as such unions become more normative. Importantly, the effect of violent victimization on first union timing is robust to controls for nonviolent delinquency, substance abuse, and violent perpetration. We conclude by discussing directions for future research on the association between violent victimization and coresidential unions with an eye toward the implications of such early union formation for desistance.