Imprisonment and crime

Can both be reduced?


  • We thank Amanda Agan and Xiangrong Yu for outstanding research assistance. Four anonymous reviewers as well as Senior Editors Richard Rosenfeld and Lawrence Sherman have provided very helpful suggestions on a previous draft. Direct correspondence to Steven N. Durlauf, Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin—Madison, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706 (e-mail:; Daniel S. Nagin, Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15206 (e-mail: