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Racial disparity in the wake of the Booker/Fanfan decision

An alternative analysis to the USSC's 2010 report


We thank D. Wayne Osgood and Shawn Bushway for their helpful input on earlier drafts of this article. Direct correspondence to Jeffery T. Ulmer, Department of Sociology, The Pennsylvania State University, 211 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA 16802 (e-mail: