For whom does a transitional jobs program work?

Examining the recidivism effects of the Center for Employment Opportunities program on former prisoners at high, medium, and low risk of reoffending


This research paper was prepared by the Urban Institute and MDRC as part of the Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ project funded by the Department of Health and Human Services and the Department of Labor through Contract Number HHS-233–01–0012. The authors thank David Butler, Dan Bloom, and Charles Michalopoulos of MDRC; reviewers from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation in the Administration for Children and Families; and reviewers from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. The opinions expressed in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, or of the Urban Institute, its trustees, or its funders. Portions of this article were reported to the Department of Health and Human Services in the form of a research brief as per contractual obligations. Direct correspondence to Janine Zweig, Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037 (e-mail: