Assessing the Extent and Sources of NCAA Rule Infractions

A National Self-Report Study of Student-Athletes


  • Funding for this research was provided by the NCAA. The opinions expressed in this report represent the views of the authors. We would like to thank Reneé Kopache, who served as the research assistant on this project, as well as Nancy Hamant and John Widecan, who provided guidance on NCAA compliance issues. We also wish to acknowledge the assistance of scholars who reviewed an earlier version of the survey instrument, including Robert Agnew, Ronald Akers, Michael Benson, Velmer Burton, Mitchell Chamlin, John Cochran, Scott Decker, Bruce Link, Scott Menard, Steven Messner, Raymond Paternoster, Richard Rosenfeld, Christine Sellers, Mark Stafford, Ruth Triplett, Mark Warr, David Whelan, and L. Thomas Winfree.

Direct correspondence to Francis T. Cullen, School of Criminal Justice, PO Box 210389, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221–0389 (e-mail: