SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Acemoglu, Daron, and James A. Robinson. 2001. “A Theory of Political Transitions.” American Economic Review 91, no. 4: 93863.
  • Acemoglu, Daron, and Robert Shimer. 1999. “Efficient Unemployment Insurance.” Journal of Political Economy 107, no. 5: 89328.
  • Acemoglu, Daron; Simon Johnson; and James A. Robinson. 2001. “The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation.” American Economic Review 91, no. 5: 1369401.
  • Acemoglu, Daron; Simon Johnson; James Robinson; and Yunyong Taicharoen. 2003. “Institutional Causes, Macroeconomic Symptoms: Volatility, Crises and Growth.” Journal of Monetary Economics 50, no. 1: 49123.
  • Ades, Alberto, and Rafael Di Tella. 1999. “Rents, Competition and Corruption.” American Economic Review 89, no. 4: 98293.
  • Agenor, Pierre-Richard, and Peter J. Montiel. 1999. Development Macroeconomics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Aizenman, Joshua, and Nancy P. Marion. 1999. “Volatility and Investment: Interpreting Evidence from Developing Countries.” Economica 66, no. 262: 15779.
  • Alesina, Alberto; Sule Ozler; Nouriel Roubini; and Phillip Swagel. 1996. “Political Instability and Economic Growth.” Journal of Economic Growth 1, no. 2: 189211.
  • Alesina, Alberto, and Roberto Perotti. 1996. “Income Distribution, Political Instability, and Investment.” European Economic Review 40, no. 6: 120328.
  • Altmann, Franz-Lothar, 2006. “Promoting Democracy-Building and Security through Private Investments.” Stiftung für Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin. http://www.bmlv.gv.at/pdf_pool/publikationen/wg7-altmann.pdf.
  • Aysan, Ahmet Faruk. 2006. “The Role of Efficiency of Redistributive Institutions on Redistribution: An Empirical Assessment.” Boǧaziçi University Research Papers, ISS/EC 2006-14. Istanbul: Boǧaziçi University.
  • Aysan, Ahmet F.; Gaobo Pang; and Marie-Ange Véganzonès-Varoudakis. Forthcoming. “Uncertainty, Economic Reforms and Private Investment in the Middle East and North Africa.” Applied Economics.
  • Azariadis, Costas, and Amartya Lahiri. 2002. “Do Rich Countries Choose Better Governments?” Contributions to Macroeconomics 2, no. 1, Article 4.
  • Balassa, Bela. 1978. “Exports and Economic Growth: Further Evidence.” Journal of Development Economics 5, no. 2: 18189.
  • Barro, Robert J. 2000. “International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications.” CID Working Paper 42. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University.
  • Barro, Robert J., and Jong-Wha Lee. 1994. “Panel Data Set Cross Countries.” Data diskette.
  • Barro, Robert J., and Jong-Wha Lee. 2000. “International Measures of Schooling Years and Schooling Quality.” American Economic Review 86, no. 2: 21823.
  • Beck, Thorsten; George Clark; Alberto Groff; Philip Keefer; and Patrick Walsh. 2001. “New Tools in Comparative Political Economy: The Database of Political Institutions.” World Bank Economic Review 15, no. 1: 16576.
  • Bellin, Eva. 2001. “The Politics of Profit in Tunisia: Utility of the Rentier Paradigm?” World Development 22, no. 3: 42736.
  • Berg, Andrew, and Anne Krueger. 2003. “Trade, Growth, and Poverty: A Selective Survey.” IMF Working Paper no. 03/30, Washington, D.C.
  • Bisat, Amer; Mohamed A. El-Erian; Mahmoud El-Gamal; and Francesco P. Mongelli. 1996. “Investment and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa.” IMF Working Paper WP/96/124. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund.
  • Blejer, Mario I., and Mohsin S. Kahn. 1984. “Government Policy and Private Investment in Developing Countries.” IMF Staff Papers 31, no. 2: 379403.
  • Bresnahan, Timothy F.; Erik Brynjolfsson; and Lorin M. Hitt. 2002. “Information, Technology, Workplace Organization, and the Demand for Skilled Labor: Firm-Level Evidence.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 117, no. 1: 33976.
  • Brunetti, Aymo, and Beatrice Weder. 1994. “Political Credibility and Economic Growth in Less Developed Countries.” Constitutional Political Economy 5, no. 1: 2343.
  • Caballero, Ricardo, and Arvind Krishnamurthy. 2001. “A Dual Liquidity Model for Emerging Markets.” NBER Working Paper no. 8758. Cambridge, Mass: National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Calderon, Cesar, and Alberto Chong. 2000. “Causality and Feedback between Institutional Measures and Economic Growth.” Economic and Politics 12, no. 1: 6981.
  • De Haan, Jakob, and Clemens L. J. Siermann. 1996. “New Evidence from Historical Accounts and Contemporary Data.” Land Economics 75, no. 3: 34159.
  • Djankov, Simon; Rafael La Porta; Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes; and Andrei Shleifer. 2001. “The Regulation of Entry.” CEPR Discussion Paper no. 2953. London: Centre for Economic Policy Research.
  • Easterly, William, and Ross Levine. 2003. “Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development.” Journal of Monetary Economics 50, no. 1: 339.
  • El Badawi, Ibrahim A. 2002. “Reviving Growth in the Arab World.” Working Paper Series 0206. Safat, Kuwait: Arab Planing Institute.
  • Engelman, Stanley L., and Kenneth L. Sokoloff. 2002. “Factor Endowments, Inequality, and Paths of Development among New World Economies.” Economia 3, no. 1: 41109.
  • Evans, Peter, and James Rauch. 2000. “Bureaucratic Structure and Bureaucratic Performance in the Less Developed Countries.” Journal of Public Economics 75, no. 1: 4971.
  • Everhart, Stephen, and Mariuzs Sumlinski. 2001. “Trends in Private Investment in Developing Countries, Statistics for 1970–2000, and the Impact on Private Investment of Corruption and the Quality of Public Investment,” IFC Discussion Paper no. 44. Washington, D.C.: International Finance Corporation.
  • Feder, Gershon. 1982, “On Exports and Economic Growth.” Journal of Development Economics 12, no. 1–2: 5973.
  • Frankel, Jeffrey. 2002. “Promoting Better National Institutions: The Role of the IMF.” Paper presented at the Third Annual IMF Research Conference, Washington, D.C, November 7–8.
  • Frankel, Jeffrey A., and David Romer. 1999. “Does Trade Cause Growth.” American Economic Review 89, no. 3: 37999.
  • Freedom House. 2002. “Freedom in the World 2001–2002.” http://www.freedomhouse.org (accessed 2003).
  • Galor, Oded; Omer Moav; and Dietrich Vollrath. 2005. “Land Inequality and the Emergence of Human Capital Promoting Institutions.” http://econwpa.wustl.edu:80/eps/dev/papers/0502/0502018.pdf .
  • Glaeser, Edward L.; Rafael La Porta; Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes; and Andrei Shleifer. 2004. “Do Institutions Cause Growth?” NBER Working Paper no. 10568. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research. http://www.nber.org/papers/w10568 .
  • Greene, Joshua, and Delano Villanueva. 1991. “Private Investment in Developing Countries: An Empirical Analysis.” IMF Staff Papers 38, no. 1: 3358.
  • Gupta, Sandeev; Hamid Davooli; and Rosa Alonso-Terme. 2002. “Does Corruption Affect Income Inequality and Poverty.” Economics of Governance 3, no. 1: 2345.
  • Gylfason, Thorvaldur. 2001. “Natural Resources, Education, and Economic Development.” European Economic Review 45, no. 4–6: 84759.
  • Hall, Robert E., and Charles I. Jones. 1999. “Why Do Some Countries Produces So Much More Output per Worker Than Others?” Quarterly Journal of Economics 114, no. 1: 83116.
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF). 2003. World Economic Outlook. Growth, and Institutions. Washington, DC: IMF.
  • Isham, Jonathan; Michael Woolcock; Lant Pritchett; and Gwen Busby. 2005. “The Varieties of Rentier Experience: How Natural Resource Export Structures Affect the Political Economy of Economic Growth.” World Bank Economic Review 19, no. 2: 14174.
  • Islam, Roumeen, and Claudio Montenegro. 2002. “What Determines the Quality of Institutions.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper no. 2764. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
  • Jorgenson, Dale W. 1963. “Capital Theory and Investment Behavior.” American Economic Review 53, no. 2: 24759.
  • Kaufmann, Dani; Aart Kraay; and Maximo Mastruzzi. 2003. “Governance Matters III, Governance Indicators for 1996–2002.” Policy Research Working Paper no. 3106. Washington, DC: World Bank.
  • Keefer, Philip. 2002. “The Political Economy of Corruption in Indonesia.” Washington, D.C.: World Bank. http://www1.worldbank.org/publicsector/anticorrupt/FlagshipCourse2003/KeeferIndonesia.pdf .
  • Knack, Stephen, and Philip Keefer. 1995. “Institutions and Economic Performance: Cross Country Tests Using Alternative Institutional Measures.” Economics and Politics 7, no. 3: 20727.
  • Le, Quan V. 2004. “Political and Economic Determinants of Private Investment.” Journal of International Development 16, no. 4: 589604.
  • Levine, Ross. 1997. “Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda.” Journal of Economic Literature 35, no. 2: 688726.
  • Lipset, Seymour Martin. 1959. “Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy.” American Political Science Review 53, no. 1: 69105.
  • Lucas, Robert. 1988. “On the Mechanics of Development.” Journal of Monetary Economics 22, no. 1: 1175.
  • Mankiw, N. Gregory; David Romer; and David N. Weil. 1992. “A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 107, no. 2: 40737.
  • Mauro, Paolo. 1995. “Corruption and Growth.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 110, no. 3: 681712.
  • McKinnon, Ronald I. 1973. Money and Capital in Economic Development. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.
  • Mo, Park Hung. 2001. “Corruption and Economic Growth.” Journal of Comparative Economics 29, no. 1: 6679.
  • Nabli, Mustapha Kamel, and Marie-Ange Véganzonès-Varoudakis. 2007. “Reform Complementarities and Economic Growth in the Middle East and North Africa.” Journal of International Development 19, no. 1: 1754.
  • Nagaraj, Ratapolu; Aristomène Varoudakis; and Marie-Ange Véganzonès. 2000. “Long-Run Growth Trends and Convergence across Indian States: The Role of Infrastructures.” Journal of International Development 12, no. 1: 4570.
  • North, Douglas C. 1981. Structure and Change in Economic History. New York: W. W. Norton.
  • North, Douglas C. 1990. Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Mass.: Cambridge University Press.
  • Olson, Mancur Jr.; Naveen Sarna; and Anand V. Swamy. 2000. “Governance and Growth: A Simple Hypothesis Explaining Cross-Country Differences in Productivity Growth.” Public Choice 102, no. 3–4: 34164.
  • Pastor, Manuel, and Jae Ho Sung, 1995. “Private Investment and Democracy in the Developing World.” Journal of Economic Issues 29, no. 1: 22321.
  • Political Risk Services (PRS). 1999. “Brief Guide to the Rating System.” In International Country Risk Guide. New York: Political Risk Services.
  • Prszeworski, Adam; Michael Alvarez; Jose Antonio Cheibub; and Fernando Limongi. 2000. Democracy and Development: Political Institutions and Well-Being in the World, 1950–1990. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Prszeworski, Adam, and Fernando Limongi. 1993. “Political Regimes and Economic Growth.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 7, no. 3: 5169.
  • Psacharopoulos, George. 1988. “Education and Development: A Review.” World Bank Research Observer 3, no. 1: 99116.
  • Rama, Martin. 1993. “Empirical Investment Equations in Developing Countries.” In Striving for Growth after Adjustment: The Role of Capital Formation, ed. LuisServén and AndresSolimano. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
  • Rodriguez, Francisco, and Jeffrey D. Sachs. 1999. “Why Do Resource Abundant Economies Grow More Slowly?” Journal of Economic Growth 4, no. 3: 277303.
  • Rodrik, Dani. 1991. “Policy Uncertainty and Private Investment in Developing Countries.” Journal of Development Economics 36, no. 2: 22942.
  • Rodrik, Dani. 1999. “Institutions for High-Quality Growth: What They Are and How to Acquire Them.” Paper presented at the IMF Conference on Second Generation Reforms. Washington, D.C., November 8–9.
  • Rodrik, Dani; Arvind Subramanian; and Francesco Trebbi. 2002. “Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development.” NBER Working Paper no. 9305. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Ross, Michael L. 2001. “Does Oil Hinder Democracy?” World Politics 53, no. 3: 32561.
  • Sachs, Jeffrey. 2003. “Institutions Don't Rule: A Refutation of Institutional Fundamentalism,” NBER Working Paper no. 9490. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Saleh, Jahangir. 2004. “Property Rights Institutions and Investment.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series no. 3311. Washington, D.C.: World Bank,
  • Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus, and Tobias Muller. 1992. “Private Investment under Macroeconomic Adjustment in Morocco.” In Reviving Private Investment in Developing Countries: Empirical Studies and Policy Lessons, ed. AjayChhibber, MansoorDailami, and NematShafik. Amsterdam: North Holland.
  • Serven, Luis. 1997. “Uncertainty, Instability, and Irreversible Investment: Theory, Evidence, and Lessons for Africa.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series no. 1722. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
  • Servén, Luis, and Andrés Solimano. 1993. “Private Investment and Macroeconomic Adjustment: A Survey.” In Striving for Growth After Adjustment, ed. LuisServén and AndrésSolimano. Washington D.C.: World Bank.
  • Shafik, Nemat. 1992. “Modeling Private Investment in Egypt.” Journal of Development Economics 39, no. 2: 26377.
  • Shaw, Edward S. 1973. Financial Deepening in Economic Development. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Svensson, Jakob. 1998. “Investment, Property Rights and Political Instability: Theory and Evidence.” European Economic Review, 42, no. 7: 131741.
  • Tanzi, Vito, and Hamid Davoodi. 1997. “Corruption, Public Investment, and Growth.” IMF Working Papers no. 97/139. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.
  • Wei, Shang-Jin. 2000. “Natural Openness and Good Government.” NBER Working Paper no. 7765. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • World Bank. 2002. World Development Report 2002: Building Institutions for Market. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • World Bank. 2003. Better Governance for Development in the Middle East and North Africa: Enhancing Inclusiveness and Accountability, MENA Development Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.
  • World Bank. 2005. World Development Indicators, 2005. http://www.worldbank.org/data/wdi22005/index.htm (accessed August 2005).