Jack V. Toohey, EdD, is Professor, Health Science at Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.
Values Clarification As A Technique For Family Planning Education
Article first published online: 9 OCT 2009
1983 American School Health Association
Journal of School Health
Volume 53, Issue 2, pages 121–125, February 1983
How to Cite
Toohey, J. V. and Valenzuela, G. J. (1983), Values Clarification As A Technique For Family Planning Education. Journal of School Health, 53: 121–125. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1983.tb07799.x
- Issue published online: 9 OCT 2009
- Article first published online: 9 OCT 2009
A Spanish language family planning education program utilizing the dynamics of values clarification has been designed and implemented in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico.
The design of the program features three basic personality identification activities to help individuals identify other dimensions of adult life expression than child rearing. In addition, a series of simple and precise scenarios specifically related to family planning are presented. Each scenario is accompanied by a set of valuing questions that direct the learner to respond to the scenario.
The activity booklet is entitled, “Clarificacion De Valores En La Planificacion Familar.” The booklet requires the learner to make responses to the learning materials. Responses are then used as a basis for inferring that people are comprehending and above all personalizing knowledge about themselves and their culture and family planning.
The program is cross cultural and can be used in Spanish speaking communities in the U.S. Its English language form can be used with English speaking target populations.
Statistical analysis of seven critical categories of the program indicated that the shifts in attitudes from pre-to post-values, whether positive or negative (desirable or undesirable), were not significant at the .05 level of confidence. It should, however, be noted that small shifts in the rate of natural increase, or rate of natural decrease for population growth can have a dramatic effect on population growth when multiplied by time.