Barbara P. Yawn, MD, MSc, Director, Clinical Research, Olmsted Medical Center, P.O. Box 4300, Rochester, MN 55903–4300
Is School Vision Screening Effective?
Article first published online: 9 OCT 2009
1996 American School Health Association
Journal of School Health
Volume 66, Issue 5, pages 171–175, May 1996
How to Cite
Yawn, B. P., Lydick, E. G., Epstein, R. and Jacobsen, S. J. (1996), Is School Vision Screening Effective?. Journal of School Health, 66: 171–175. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1996.tb06269.x
This work was supported by 2 research grants — AR30582 from Merck Research Laboratories and research grant AR30582 from the Public Health Services, National Institutes of Health.
- Issue published online: 9 OCT 2009
- Article first published online: 9 OCT 2009
- Revised and accepted for publication April 1, 1996
ABSTRACT: A population-based cohort of all children entering kindergarten in a three-year period (N = 2,938) was followed retrospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade to estimate incidence of abnormal school vision screening tests and rates of follow-up by community ophthalmologists or optometrists. Overall 28% of children had at least one abnormal school vision screening test. Abnormal screening with referral increased from 1.2% of five-year-olds to 9.1% of 13-year-olds. Overall, 91% of children referred had further evaluation by eye care professionals. However, visits to an eye care professional often were delayed; median time was 0.8 years for children seeing an ophthalmologist and 1.8 years for children seeing an optometrist. Results support the continued use of simple visual acuity screening in schools. Consideration should be given to screening children beyond age 12 and developing methods to increase the rapidity of parental response to referral recommendations.