Recruitment Issues in School-Based Research: Lessons Learned from the High 5 Alabama Project
Article first published online: 9 OCT 2009
1997 American School Health Association
Journal of School Health
Volume 67, Issue 10, pages 415–421, December 1997
How to Cite
Harrington, K. F., Binkley, D., Reynolds, K. D., Duvall, R. C., Copeland, J. R., Franklin, F. and Raczynski, J. (1997), Recruitment Issues in School-Based Research: Lessons Learned from the High 5 Alabama Project. Journal of School Health, 67: 415–421. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1997.tb01287.x
- Issue published online: 9 OCT 2009
- Article first published online: 9 OCT 2009
- Revised and accepted for publication June 27, 1997.
ABSTRACT: School-based research requires a multi-level recruitment process to ensure an adequate sample. This article describes the High 5 Alabama recruitment experience at four levels: district, school, classroom and individual. One hundred percent of 28 schools across three districts and 108 classroom teachers contacted agreed to participate. Moderate success (69%) at the individual level, which required active parental consent for the student and parent to participate, resulted in 1,698 student/parent participants. An examination of differences between participants and nonparticipants revealed under-representation of a subsample of the population in the project sample. Suggestions obtained from project staff and teachers intended to enhance future school-based recruitment strategies include enlistment of a district advocate; meeting with teachers to solicit support; using incentives with students and teachers; direct contact with parents; having teachers keep rosters of students returning consent forms; and tailoring recruitment strategies for specific subpopulations.