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Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem*
Version of Record online: 19 NOV 2010
© 2010, American School Health Association
Journal of School Health
Volume 80, Issue 12, pages 614–621, December 2010
How to Cite
Patchin, J. W. and Hinduja, S. (2010), Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem. Journal of School Health, 80: 614–621. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00548.x
- Issue online: 19 NOV 2010
- Version of Record online: 19 NOV 2010
- Received on May 14, 2009Accepted on June 29, 2010
- information technology;
- school psychology
BACKGROUND: This article examines the relationship between middle school students' experience with cyberbullying and their level of self-esteem. Previous research on traditional bullying among adolescents has found a relatively consistent link between victimization and lower self-esteem, while finding an inconsistent relationship between offending and lower self-esteem. It is therefore important to extend this body of research by determining how bullying augmented through the use of technology (such as computers and cell phones) is linked to differing levels of self-esteem.
METHODS: During March and April 2007, a random sample of 1963 middle school students (mean age 12.6) from 30 schools in one of the largest school districts in the United States completed a self-report survey of Internet use and cyberbullying experiences.
RESULTS: This work found that students who experienced cyberbullying, both as a victim and an offender, had significantly lower self-esteem than those who had little or no experience with cyberbullying.
CONCLUSIONS: A moderate and statistically significant relationship exists between low self-esteem and experiences with cyberbullying. As such, bullying prevention programs incorporated in school curricula should also include substantive instruction on cyberbullying. Moreover, educators need to intervene in cyberbullying incidents, as failure to do so may impact the ability of students to be successful at school.