This research was supported by a grant from the Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity at Yale University.
Weight-Based Victimization Toward Overweight Adolescents: Observations and Reactions of Peers
Version of Record online: 4 OCT 2011
© 2011, American School Health Association
Journal of School Health
Volume 81, Issue 11, pages 696–703, November 2011
How to Cite
Puhl, R. M., Luedicke, J. and Heuer, C. (2011), Weight-Based Victimization Toward Overweight Adolescents: Observations and Reactions of Peers. Journal of School Health, 81: 696–703. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2011.00646.x
- Issue online: 4 OCT 2011
- Version of Record online: 4 OCT 2011
- Received on September 30, 2010, Accepted on December 14, 2010
BACKGROUND: Weight-based victimization has become increasingly reported among overweight youth, but little is known about adolescents' perceptions and observations of weight-based teasing and bullying. This study examined adolescents' observations of and reactions to weight-based victimization toward overweight students at school.
METHODS: Adolescents (N = 1555) at 2 high schools in central Connecticut completed a questionnaire that examined their perceptions of how common weight-based victimization is compared to other forms of teasing at school, what types of weight-based teasing are frequently observed, who typical perpetrators of weight-based victimization are, and their own reactions to observed teasing incidents. Participants also completed the Fat Phobia Scale.
RESULTS: Participants perceived being overweight as a primary reason that peers are victimized at school. At least 84% of participants observed overweight students being teased in a mean way and teased during physical activities, and 65% to 77% of students observed overweight and obese peers being ignored, avoided, excluded from social activities, having negative rumors spread about them, and being teased in the cafeteria. Most students also observed verbal threats and physical harassment toward overweight and obese students. Although the majority of participants felt comfortable stepping in to help an overweight peer who has been teased, many remain passive bystanders following these incidents.
CONCLUSION: Youth perceive frequent and multiple forms of weight-based victimization. Schools' efforts to address weight bias and assist overweight and obese students are important.