Sexual Behaviors of Middle School Students: 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey Results From 16 Locations
Article first published online: 18 DEC 2012
© 2013, American School Health Association
Journal of School Health
Volume 83, Issue 1, pages 61–68, January 2013
How to Cite
Moore, M. J., Barr, E. M. and Johnson, T. M. (2013), Sexual Behaviors of Middle School Students: 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey Results From 16 Locations. Journal of School Health, 83: 61–68. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2012.00748.x
- Issue published online: 18 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 18 DEC 2012
- Received on September 16, 2011 Accepted on April 12, 2012
- sexual behavior;
- risk factors;
- middle school
BACKGROUND: The potential negative consequences of engaging in sexual risk behaviors at a young age are well documented. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of information about the prevalence of sexual behaviors among middle school students. This article provides an overview of the sexual risk behaviors of middle school students from 16 districts and states throughout the country, and examines these risks by demographic variables.
METHODS: In 2009, 10 states and 6 districts administered the Youth Risk Behavior Survey-Middle School and included sexual behavior questions. Data were examined using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Youth Online database. Frequencies were run for 4 sexual behaviors and an HIV/AIDS education question for each location. A series of t-tests were calculated for these 5 items by gender, age, and race for each location.
RESULTS: Data show that 5–20% of sixth graders and 14–42% of eighth graders have engaged in sexual intercourse. A concerning percentage of students have also engaged in other sexual risk behaviors and many are not receiving HIV/AIDS education. Additionally, there were significant differences by gender, race, and age.
CONCLUSION: Consistent with previous studies, males, minorities, and older students are more likely to engage in sexual risk behaviors. There is also variation in the percentage of students engaging in sexual behaviors across locations. Sexual risk reduction education is important for middle school youth, particularly for minorities, males and those from southern and/or larger, urban cities as those are the populations with generally higher sexual risk behaviors.