SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Bronte-Stewart B, Antonis A, Eales L, Brock JF. Effects of feeding different fats on serum-cholesterol level. Lancet 1936; i: 5216.
  • 2
    Keys A, Anderson JT, Grande F. Prediction of serum-cholesterol responses of man to changes in fats in the diet. Lancet 1957; ii: 96066.
  • 3
    Mensink RP, Katan MB. Effect of dietary fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoproteins. Arterioscler Thromb 1992; 12: 91119.
  • 4
    Clarke R, Frost C, Collins R, Appleby P, Peto R. Dietary lipids and blood cholesterol: quantitative meta-analysis of metabolic ward studies. BMJ 1997; 314: 11217.
  • 5
    Truswell AS. Monounsaturated oils do not all have the same effect on plasma cholesterol. Eur J Clin Nutr 1998; 52: 31215.
  • 6
    Zock PL, DeVries JHM, Katan MB. Impact of myristic acid versus palmitic acid on serum lipid and lipoprotein levels in healthy women and men. Arterioscler Thromb 1994; 14: 56775.
  • 7
    Beynen AC, Katan MB. Impact of dietary cholesterol and fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoproteins in man. In: VergroesenAJ, CrawfordM, eds. The Role of Fats in Human Nutrition, 2nd edn. London: Academic Press, 1989; 23784.
  • 8
    Bonanome A, Grundy SM. Effect of dietary stearic acid on plasma cholesterol and lipoprotein levels. N Engl J Med 1988; 318: 12448.
  • 9
    Keys A, Anderson JT, Grande F. Serum cholesterol response to changes in the diet. IV. Particular saturated fatty acids in the diet. Metabolism 1965; 14: 77687.
  • 10
    National Health and Medical Research Council. Food for Health. Dietary Guidelines for Australian Adults. Canberra: NHMRC Publications, 2003.
  • 11
    Australian Department of Health and Ageing, NZ Ministry of Health, NHMRC. Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand. Canberra: NHMRC Publications, 2005.
  • 12
    Rassias G, Kestin M, Nestel PJ. Linoleic acid lowers LDL-cholesterol without a proportional displacement of saturated fat. Eur J Clin Nutr 1991; 45: 31520.
  • 13
    Kinsgbury KJ, Morgan DM, Aylott C, Emmerson R. Effects of ethyl arachidonate, cod liver oil and corn oil on the plasma-cholesterol level. Lancet 1961; i: 73941.
  • 14
    Nestel PJ, Noakes M, Belling GB et al. Plasma lipoprotein lipid and Lp (a) changes with substitution of elaidic acid for oleic acid in the diet. J Lipid Res 1992; 33: 102933.
  • 15
    Mensink RP, Katan MB. Effect of dietary trans fatty acid level on high density and low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in healthy subjects. N Engl J Med 1990; 232: 43945.
  • 16
    Report of the British Nutrition Foundation Task Force. Trans Fatty Acids. London: British Nutrition Foundation, 1987.
  • 17
    Noakes M, Nestel PJ. Trans fatty acids in the Australian diet. Food Aust 1994; 46: 1249.
  • 18
    Mensink RP, Zock PL, Kester ADM, Katan MB. Effects of dietary fatty acids and carbohydrates on the ratio of serum total to HDL-cholesterol and on serum lipids and apolipoproteins: a meta-analysis of 60 controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 77: 114655.
  • 19
    Dyerberg J, Bang HO, Hjørne N. Fatty acid composition of the plasma lipids in Greenland Eskimos. Am J Clin Nutr 1975; 28: 95866.
  • 20
    Dyerberg J, Bang HO, Stoffersen E, Moncada S, Vane JR. Eicosapentaenoic acid and prevention of thrombosis and atherosclerosis? Lancet 1978; 2: 11719.
  • 21
    Harris WS, Connor WE, McMurray M. The comparative reductions of the plasma lipids and lipoproteins by dietary polyunsaturated fats: salmon oil versus vegetable oils. Metabolism 1983; 32: 17984.
  • 22
    Kromhout D, Bosschieter EB, De Lezeune Coulander C. The inverse relation between fish consumption and 20 years mortality from coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med 1985; 312: 12059.
  • 23
    McLennan PL, Abeywardena MY, Charnock JS. Dietary fish oil prevents ventricular fibrillation following coronary and artery occlusion and reperfusion. Am Heart J 1988; 116: 70916.
  • 24
    Leaf A, King JX. Dietary omega-3 fatty acids in the prevention of lethal cardiac arrhythmias. Curr Opin Lipidol 1997; 8: 46.
  • 25
    Marckmann P, Grønbaek M. Fish oil consumption and coronary heart disease mortality. A systematic review of prospective cohort studies. Eur J Clin Nutr 1999; 53: 58590.
  • 26
    Whelton SP, He J, Whelton PK, Muntner P. Meta-analysis of observational studies on fish intake and coronary heart disease. Am J Cardiol 2004; 93: 111923.
  • 27
    He K, Song Y, Daviglus ML et al. Accumulated evidence on fish consumption and coronary heart disease mortality. A meta-analysis of cohort studies. Circulation 2004; 109: 270511.
  • 28
    Burr ML, Fehily AM, Gilbert JF et al. Effects of changes in fat, fish and fibre intake on death and myocardial reinfarction: diet and reinfarction trial (DART). Lancet 1989; 2: 75761.
  • 29
    GISSI-Prevenzione Investigators. Dietary supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E after myocardial infarction: results of the GISSI-Prevenzione trial. Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravivenza nell'Infarto miocardio. Lancet 1999; 354: 44755.
  • 30
    Leaf A, Albert CM, Josephson M et al. Fatty Acid Antiarrhythmia Trial Investigators. Prevention of fatal arrhythmias in high-risk subjects by fish oil omega-3 fatty acid intake. Circulation 2005; 112: 27628.
  • 31
    Raitt MH, Connor WE, Morris C et al. Fish oil supplementation and risk of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation in patients with implantable defribrillators: a randomised controlled trial. JAMA 2005; 293: 288494.
  • 32
    Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation. Diet Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. WHO Technical Report Series 916. Geneva: WHO, 2003.
  • 33
    National Heart Foundation of Australia. Position Statement. Fish, Fish Oil and Long Chain Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Canberra: National Heart Foundation, 2006.
  • 34
    Sanders TAB, Lewis F, Slaughter S et al. Effect of varying the ratio of n-6 to omega-3 fatty acids by increasing the dietary intake of α-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid or both on fibrinogen and clotting factors VII and XII in persons aged 47–70 years: the OPTILIP Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2006; 84: 51323.
  • 35
    Griffin MD, Sanders TAB, Davies IG et al. Effects of altering the ratio of dietary n-6 to omega-3 fatty acids on insulin sensitivity, lipoprotein size, and postpradial lipemia in men and postmenopausal woman aged 45–70 years: the OPTILIP Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2006; 84: 129098.
  • 36
    Murphy KJ, Meyer BJ, Mori TA et al. Impact of foods enriched with omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on erythrocyte omega-3 levels and cardiovascular risk factors. Br J Nutr 2007; 97: 74957.
  • 37
    Paul AA, Southgate DAT. McCance and Widdowson's the Composition of Foods, 4th edn. London: HMSO, 1978.
  • 38
    Hopkins PN. Effects of dietary cholesterol on serum cholesterol: a meta-analysis and review. Am J Clin Nutr 1992; 55: 106070.
  • 39
    Katan MB, Beynan A, DeVries JHM, Nobels A. Existence of consistent hypo and hyperresponders to dietary cholesterol in man. Am J Epidemiol 1986; 123: 22134.
  • 40
    Schulze A, Truswell AS. Sterols in British shellfish. Proc Nutr Soc 1977; 36: 25A.
  • 41
    Hendricks HFJ, Westrate JA, VanVliet T, Meijer GW. Spreads enriched with three different levels of vegetable oils sterol and the degree of cholesterol lowering in normocholesterolaemic and mildly hypercholesterolaemic subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr 1999; 53: 31927.
  • 42
    Truswell AS. Dietary fibre and plasma lipids: potential for prevention and treatment of hyperlipidaemias. In: SchweizerTF, EdwardsCA, eds. Dietary Fibre—A Component of Food. London: Springer-Verlag, 1992; 295332.
  • 43
    Truswell AS. Cereal grains and coronary heart disease (review). Eur J Clin Nutr 2002; 56: 114.
  • 44
    Urgert R, Meybom S, Kuilman M et al. Comparison of effect of cafetiere and filtered coffee on serum concentrations of liver aminotransferases and lipids: six month randomised controlled trial. BMJ 1996; 314: 136255.
  • 45
    Thelle DS, Shaper AC, Whitehead TP, Bullock DG, Ashby D, Patel J. Blood lipids in middle aged British men. Br Heart J 1983; 49: 20513.
  • 46
    Sullivan JL. Iron and the sex difference in heart disease risk. Lancet 1981; i: 12934.
  • 47
    Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium and Zinc. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2001.
  • 48
    Sempos C. Do body iron stores increase the risk of developing coronary heart disease? Am J Clin Nutr 2002; 76: 5013.
  • 49
    Gunn IR, Maxwell FK, Gattney D, McMahon AD, Packard CJ. Haemochromatosis gene mutations and risk of coronary heart disease: a West of Scotland coronary prevention study (WOSCOPS) substudy. Heart 2004; 90: 3046.
  • 50
    Zacharski LR, Chow BK, Howes PS et al. Reduction of iron stores and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with peripheral arterial disease: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2007; 297: 60310.
  • 51
    Qi L, Van Dam RM, Rexrode K, Hu FB. Heme iron from diet as a risk factor for coronary heart disease in women with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2007; 30: 1016.
  • 52
    Droulez V, Williams P, Levy G, Stobaus T, Sinclair AJ. Composition of Australian red meat 2003. Fatty acid profile. Food Aust 2006; 58: 33541.
  • 53
    Watts GF, Ahmed W, Quiney J et al. Effective lipid lowering diets including red meat. BMJ 1988; 296: 2357.
  • 54
    Kestin M, Rouse IL, Carroll RA, Nestel PJ. Cardiovascular disease risk factors in free living men. Comparison of two prudent diets, one based on lacto-ovovegetarianism and the other allowing red meat. Am J Clin Nutr 1989; 50: 28087.
  • 55
    O'Dea K, Traianedes K, Chisholm K, Leyden H, Sinclair AJ. Cholesterol-lowering effect of a low-fat diet containing lean beef is reversed by the addition of beef fat. Am J Clin Nutr 1990; 52: 4914.
  • 56
    Scott LW, Dunn JK, Pownall HJ et al. Effects of beef and chicken consumption on plasma lipid levels in hypercholesterolemic men. Arch Intern Med 1994; 154: 12617.
  • 57
    Davidson MH, Hunninghake D, Kaki KC, Kwiterovich PO, Kafonek S. Comparison of the effects of lean red meat vs lean white meat on serum lipid levels among free-living persons with hypercholesterolemia. Arch Intern Med 1990; 159: 13318.
  • 58
    Crawford MA. Fatty acid ratios in free living and domestic animals. Lancet 1968; i: 132931.
  • 59
    Red Meat and Health Expert Advisory Committee. The Role of Red Meat in Healthy Australian Diets. Sydney: Meat & Livestock Australia, 2001.
  • 60
    Hodgson JM, Burke V, Beilin LJ, Puddey IB. Partial substitution of carbohydrate intake with protein intake from red meat lowers blood pressure in hypertensive persons. Am J Clin Nutr 2006; 83: 78087.
  • 61
    Noakes M, Clifton P. The CSIRO Total Wellbeing Diet.Camberwell: Penguin, 2005.
  • 62
    Farnsworth E, Luscombe ND, Noakes M, Wittert G, Argyiou E, Clifton P. Effect of a high protein, energy-restricted diet on body composition, glycaemic control, and lipid concentration in overweight and obese hyperinsulinemic men and women. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 78: 319.
  • 63
    Skov AR, Toubro S, Ronn B, Holm L, Astrup A. Randomised trial on protein versus carbohydrate in ad libitum fat reduced diet for the treatment of obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1999; 23: 52836.
  • 64
    Yancy WS, Olsen MK, Guyton JR, Bakst RP, Westman EC. A low carbohydrate ketogenic diet versus a low-fat diet to treat obesity and hyperlipidemia: a randomised, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 2004; 140: 76977.
  • 65
    Westerterp-Plantenga MS. The significance of protein in food intake and body weight regulation. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2003; 6: 6358.
  • 66
    Weigle DS, Breen PA, Matthys CC et al. A high protein diet induces sustained reductions in appetite, and libitum caloric intake, and body weight despite compensatory changes in diurnal plasma leptin and ghrelin concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr 2005; 82: 418.