Present address: Genzyme Corp.
Identification of Allosteric PIF-Pocket Ligands for PDK1 using NMR-Based Fragment Screening and 1H-15N TROSY Experiments
Article first published online: 22 JAN 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Munksgaard
Chemical Biology & Drug Design
Volume 73, Issue 2, pages 179–188, February 2009
How to Cite
Stockman, B. J., Kothe, M., Kohls, D., Weibley, L., Connolly, B. J., Sheils, A. L., Cao, Q., Cheng, A. C., Yang, L., Kamath, A. V., Ding, Y.-H. and Charlton, M. E. (2009), Identification of Allosteric PIF-Pocket Ligands for PDK1 using NMR-Based Fragment Screening and 1H-15N TROSY Experiments. Chemical Biology & Drug Design, 73: 179–188. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0285.2008.00768.x
- Issue published online: 22 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 22 JAN 2009
- Received 18 November 2008, revised 15 December 2008 and accepted for publication 16 December 2008
- fragment screening;
Aberrant activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase pathway because of genetic mutations of essential signalling proteins has been associated with human diseases including cancer and diabetes. The pivotal role of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 in the PI3K signalling cascade has made it an attractive target for therapeutic intervention. The N-terminal lobe of the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 catalytic domain contains a docking site which recognizes the non-catalytic C-terminal hydrophobic motifs of certain substrate kinases. The binding of substrate in this so-called PDK1 Interacting Fragment pocket allows interaction with 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 and enhanced phosphorylation of downstream kinases. NMR spectroscopy was used to a screen 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 domain construct against a library of chemically diverse fragments in order to identify small, ligand-efficient fragments that might interact at either the ATP site or the allosteric PDK1 Interacting Fragment pocket. While majority of the fragment hits were determined to be ATP-site binders, several fragments appeared to interact with the PDK1 Interacting Fragment pocket. Ligand-induced changes in 1H-15N TROSY spectra acquired using uniformly 15N-enriched PDK1 provided evidence to distinguish ATP-site from PDK1 Interacting Fragment-site binding. Caliper assay data and 19F NMR assay data on the PDK1 Interacting Fragment pocket fragments and structurally related compounds identified them as potential allosteric activators of PDK1 function.