Circular Dichroism Techniques: Biomolecular and Nanostructural Analyses- A Review

Authors

  • Bijan Ranjbar,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
    2. Department of Nanobiotechnology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
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  • Pooria Gill

    1. Department of Nanobiotechnology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
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*Corresponding author: Bijan Ranjbar, ranjbarb@modares.ac.ir

Abstract

This paper reviews the best known techniques using circular dichroism spectroscopy such as conventional circular dichroism (i.e. electronic circular dichroism), magnetic circular dichroisms (magnetic vibrational circular dichroism, x-ray magnetic circular dichroism), fluorescence detected circular dichroism, near-infrared circular dichroism, vibrational circular dichroism, Fourier transform infrared circular dichroism, high pressure liquid chromatography circular dichroism, stopped-flow circular dichroism, and synchrotron radiation circular dichroism. Also, we have described here the most important applications of circular dichroism spectroscopy in structural biochemistry and nanoscience.

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